Course Information
SchoolHistory and Archaeology
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter/Spring
Course ID280004447

Class Information
Academic Year2021 – 2022
Class PeriodWinter
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours3
Class ID
Course Type 2016-2020
  • Scientific Area
Course Type 2011-2015
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
The course is also offered to exchange programme students.
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
Learning Outcomes
Students will gain a solid grasp of the key facts and features forming the identity of each period of the Ancient Greek History and also with the main problems and discussions of Ancient Greek scholarship.
General Competences
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Make decisions
  • Appreciate diversity and multiculturality
  • Respect natural environment
  • Demonstrate social, professional and ethical commitment and sensitivity to gender issues
  • Be critical and self-critical
Course Content (Syllabus)
The course aims at presenting a general survey of the main historical developments, which defined the final political and cultural profile of the Ancient Greek World, from the emergence of the so called Mycenaean Civilization till the subjugation of the Ptolemaic Kingdom, the last independent Hellenistic Sate, to the Romans. Students will become familiarized with the different groups of sources (literary, epigraphic etc.), on which the study of Ancient Greek History is based, as well as with the critical use of selected texts. Week #1 Periods of Ancient Greek History- Categorization of sources – Characteristic features of the Mycenaean period Familiarization with the main periods of Ancient Greek History – A short survey of their distinctive features – Sources – Organization and structure of the Mycenaean states – The economic and administrative role of the Mycenaean palaces – Characteristics of the Mycenaean Civilization – Invention of a syllabic script – The importance of the Linear B tablets as historical sources – Causes for the collapse of the Mycenaean palace-system of administration – The theories – The historical significance of the Mycenaean period. Week #2 The Greek world during the so called ‘Dark Age’ (12th. -8th. cent.) – The historical significance of the Archaic Period (8th.-5th.) Settlement of Greek-speaking groups in the Greek mainland-Eastward movements and the ‘First’ Colonization on the western Asia Minor-Demographic and political developments-The role of the professional singers and the oral poetry for the survival of the Mycenaean past in the public memory – The Homeric World-The use of Homeric poems as historical sources-The emergence of the polis- Rise of local ruler-kings-Trade and cultural interchange with the East-Reception and critical transformation of the Phoenician Alphabet- The development of the Greek Alphabet and its significance-The Great ‘Second’ Colonization in the Western Mediterranean, the shores of Macedonia, Thrace and the Black Sea-The development of a common identity among the Greek communities as a result of cultural, not political unification-‘hetero-definition’ among the members of the colonies-Characteristics of the cultural unity: Panhellenic Sanctuaries, Panhellenic Games, Amphictyonies, formation of a common mythological tradition. Week #3 Main developments in the Greek cities (poleis) in the Archaic period Decline of the monarchic regimes and their final overthrow by the nobility-Absolute power of the nobles also challenged-Social crisis and conflicts -The rise of the tyrants and its historical significance-Lawgivers- Tendency for the formation of an objective framework of laws and rules governing the organization and functioning of the polis-institutions (council,magistrates,people’s assembly)-The use of Alphabet in the public life of the polis and its significance for the strengthening of the polis-institutions- The special case of the political and social organization of the Spartan state-Sparta and the rise of the Peloponnesean League. Week #4 Political and social developments in Archaic Athens The emergence of the aristocratic regime and its institutions-Social crisis and Solon’s political and social measures-The tyrant Peisistratus-Overthrow of the Peisistratids and the Kleisthenic political reformation-The importance of the political concepts of isonomia,isokratia,isegoria and the introduction of the concept of demokratia (democracy).. Week #5 The Persian Wars and the following political developments till the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War The Persian Wars and their ideological significance in the public memory-Creation and functioning of the First Athenian League-Establishment of Athenian control in the Aegean-Development of the Athenian democratic constitution: institutions, basic rules of functioning- Athens and its cultural achievements-Athenian and Spartan external relations during the “Fifty Years”. Week#6 The Peloponnesian War and its aftermath-The Second “Fifty Years” Causes of tension and polarization between Athenian and Spartan Alliances-Brief survey of the Peloponnesian War- Persian policy of intervention during the conflict and its consequences-The outcome of the war and its effect on the warring Greek states-Spartan hegemony: character and policy-Peace of Antalkidas-Second Athenian league-Rise of Thebes-Development of monarchic ideology-Panhellenism. Week #7 The Rise of Macedonia The Kingdom of Macedonia till the reign of Philipp II- Philipp II: ascendancy, internal and external policy-Corinthian League. Week #8 Alexander the Great – Campaigns and the creation of a multiethnic empire-Historical significance. Week #9 The Wars of the Successors and the gradual formation of the Hellenistic States. Establishment of the Hellenistic Kingdoms and Dynasties: Seleucids, Ptolemies, Antigonids- Attalids and the Kingdom of Pergamon- The victory over the Galatians and its importance for the official Attalid ideology-The Rhodian State- The Hellenistic period in the historical research and scholarship. Week #10 The Hellenistic World and its historical identity. Structure, organization, economy and main policy- objectives of the Hellenistic States-Monarchic ideology and ruler-cult-Formation of Leagues-Greek cities in the Hellenistic framework: inter-city relations, kings and the cities, new city-foundations-Main political developments in the years 281-220. Week #11 Roman involvement in the Hellenistic East. Attitudes of the Hellenistic States towards Roman presence and policy-Rome and Philipp V-Causes and effects of the Three Macedonian Wars-Flamininus’ ‘philhellenism’-The ‘freedom’ of the Greek cities as main focus of the Roman propaganda-Rome and Antiochus III-The Treaty of Apamea and its significance-Creation and organization of the Roman Provinces of Macedonia and Asia-The subjugation of Southern Greece. Week #12 Late Hellenistic Age. Roman policy towards the Greek cities-Amici populi romani- Crisis of the Roman Republic and Roman Civil Wars: their effect on the Greek East-Decline of the Seleucid and Ptolemaic Kingdoms-Creation of Roman Provinces of Syria, Pontus-Bithynia-Subjugation of Egypt and the End of Greek Independence. Week #13 Revision and preparation for the exams.
Mycenaean period, Archaic Period, City-state, Athens, Persian Wars, Peloponnesian War, Macedonia, Hellenistic World
Educational Material Types
  • Slide presentations
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
Lectures supported by visual teaching material: map-studying, power-point presentations. Selected sources will be discussed and interpreted. e-mail
Course Organization
Reading Assigment52.51.8
Student Assessment
Written exam: 100%. Alternatively Oral Exam Students are evaluated according to their ability to compose short essays or short oral answers on specific historical questions, to examine critically historical sources and generally to prove their understanding of main issues in the study of Ancient Greek History. The depth of understanding not the extent of fact knowledge is the key factor for a successful exam. Course-attendance is considered necessary.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Summative)
  • Written Exam with Extended Answer Questions (Summative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
1. H.Bengtson,Ιστορία της Αρχαίας Ελλάδας, (μετάφραση Α.Γαβρίλης), Αθήνα 1979. 2. U.Wilcken, Αρχαία Ελληνική Ιστορία (μετάφραση Ι.Τουλουμάκος), Αθήνα 1979.
Additional bibliography for study
1. G.W.Botsford-C.A.Robinson, Αρχαία Ελληνική Ιστορία, (μετάφραση Σ.Τσιτσώνης), Αθήνα 1977. 2. W.Schuller, Ιστορία της Αρχαίας Ελλάδας από την Κρητομυκηναϊκή εποχή ως το τέλος των Κλασσικών χρόνων (μετάφραση Αφροδίτη Καμάρα, Χριστίνα Κοκκινιά, εποπτεία Κώστας Μπουραζέλης), Αθήνα 1999. J.Gehrke,Ιστορία του Ελληνιστικού Κόσμου (μετάφραση/βιβλιογραφική επιμέλεια Άγγελος Χανιώτης, εποπτεία Κώστας Μπουραζέλης), Αθήνα 2000 I.Weiler,Griechische Geschichte. Einführung, Quellenkunde, Bibliographie, Darmstadt 1988. Γ.Α.Πίκουλας,Εισαγωγή στην Αρχαία Ελληνική Ιστορία και Αρχαιογνωσία, Αθήνα 2006. Propyläen-Weltgeschichte, III : Griechenland. Die hellenistische Welt,συνεργ. Fritz Schachermeyer, Alfred Heuß, C.Bradford Welles, Olof Gigon. J.Boardmann, J.Griffith, O Murray (επιμ.), The Oxford History of Greece and the Hellenistic World, 1986, 1991 [ελλ.μτφρ. Α. Τσοτσόρου-Μυστάκα, Η Ελλάδα και ο Ελληνιστικός Κόσμος, Αθήνα, εκδ.Νεφέλη 1996]. J.B.Bury-R.Meiggs, A History of Greece, London 19784 [αναθεωρημένη ανατύπωση] ελλ.μτφρ. Α.Τατάκη-Κ.Πετρόπουλος-Α.Παπαδημητρίου-Κ.Μπουραζέλης-Α.Ματθαίου, Ιστορία της Αρχαίας Ελλάδας μέχρι τον θάνατο του Μεγάλου Αλεξάνδρου, εκδ. Α.Καρδαμήτσα, Αθήνα 19922 [2τόμοι]. S.Hornblower,The Greek World, 479-323, 20023 [ελλ.μτφρ. Ε.Πέππα, Ο Ελληνικός Κόσμος (479-323π.Χ.), Αθήνα 2005. F.W.Walbank, The Hellenistic World, London 1981 [rev.1986, 1992], ελλ.μτφρ. [εκδ.1981] Τάσος Δαρβέρης, επιμ. Λ.Μανωλόπουλος, Π.Νίγδελης, Ο Ελληνιστικός Κόσμος, εκδ. Βάνιας, Θεσσαλονίκη 1993. Cl.Mossé – A.Schnapp-Gourbeillon, Επίτομη Ιστορία της Αρχαίας Ελλάδας (μτφρ. Λ.Στεφάνου), Αθήνα 1996. Cl. Mossé, Η Αρχαϊκή Ελλάδα. Από τον Όμηρο ως τον Αισχύλο (μτφρ. Σ.Πασχάλης), Αθήνα 1987. A.Andrews, Αρχαία Ελληνική Κοινωνία (μτφρ. Α.Παναγόπουλος), Αθήνα 1983. P.Carlier, Ο Ελληνικός κόσμος τον 4ο αι. (μτφρ. Μ.Στεφάνου, επιμ. Κ.Ζουμπουλάκης), Αθήνα 2005. P.Léveque, Ο Ελληνιστικός Κόσμος (μτφρ. Μ. Παπαηλιάδη, επιμ. Κ.Ζουμπουλάκης), Αθήνα 2003.
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