Students will be able to understand and deepen to the formation of early Islam, mainly the formative period, and the continuation of the new religion within the frame of late antiquity. They will also to be able to understand the contemporary and modern political and religious use of the early Islamic period and to follow the formation of multiple religious and political narratives and trends of thought and action, as well as the contemporary Muslim Understandings.
Course Content (Syllabus)
Students will be able to understand the formative Period of early Islam and the continuation of the 'new' religion within the frame of late antiquity. They will also to be able to understand the contemporary and modern political and religious use of the early Islamic history and theology, and follow the formation of the multiple religious and political narratives. The path of how "Kalam", the Muslim theology is born, will help the students to detect how the pre-existing theological system of thought and proof, embodied in the philosophical discourse of antiquity, was framed and reshaped by Islam. Participants will understand how reason is put at the service of faith, when a meeting place is created between religion and philosophy, but also a space of competition between human discourse and divine revelation. The struggle between human reason and faith, religion and philosophy observed in the religious and philosophical spheres, it extends to the realm of politics. Alongside
with the above, the students will also get to know the historical course of early Islam, from its beginnings until the end of the 11th century, when the so-called formative period was completed with the establishment of the main schools of interpretation of Islamic law and thought.
Additional bibliography for study
Garth Fowden (2015), Abraham or Aristotle? First Millennium Empires and Exegetical Traditions, Cambridge University Press.
Ayoub Mahmoud (2004), Islam : faith and history, Oneworld, Oxford.