Upon the successful completion of the course students will be in a position to:
1) distinguish between the methodological and the conceptual understanding of the nervous system
2) comprehend the structural and functional attributes of the nerve cell, the foundations of the neuron theory, and interneuronal communication
3) form a clear picture of the physicochemical basis of cerebral functions
4) acquire a general model regarding the function of the brain and mental life, as well as uniqueness or not of the human brain in relation to the other mammals
Course Content (Syllabus)
The theory and applications of brain research are presented in conjunction with the biological basis of behavior, from the single neuron to the integrated nervous system. Structure and ultrastructure of the brain. Axoplasmic transport and intracellular traffic. Electrical and chemical synapses. Phylogenetic evolution. Cytoarchitectonics of the cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, and cerebellum. Biogenetic gradients, histochemical signatures, and anatomical patterns of neuronal connectivity. Genetic determination and epigenesis in the formation of neural circuits. Plasticity and regenerative events in nervous tissue. Historical evolution of ideas in Neuroscience. The neurohistological tradition of Ramón y Cajal and the neuropsychiatric school of Vienna. The course is a combination of lectures and laboratory exercises and seminars.
Central nervous system, cellular neurobiology, evo-devo, cerebral cortex, cerebellum