Learning Outcomes
1) Students learn about the importance of Geophysical methods to the study of the interior of the Earth.
2) They are taught about the physical properties of geological formations and the factors that influence them.
3) They get familiar with the current applied geophysical techniques (magnetic, gravitational, seismic, electrical and electromagnetic, logging, radiometric) as tools for investigating the earth’s interior
4) They will link the geological structures and subsurface targets of economic interest with their the geophysical detection methods.
5) Students are acquainted with the results of utilizing applied geophysical methods with numerous application examples.
Course Content (Syllabus)
1) Introduction to Geophysics
2) Seismic methods: Refraction-Reflection, principles, measurements, applications, case studies, use of seismic methods to applied and theoretical research (i.e. structure of basins, geotechnical investigation etc.)
3) Gravimetric measurements: corrections of the gravity field. Bouguer anomalies in applied and theoretical research (isostasy, study of the Earth’s crust, investigation for hydrocarbons, etc.)
4) Magnetic measurements: Principles, measurements, applications, case studies, use of magnetic methods to the applied and theoretical research.
5) Electrical and electromagnetic methods: Principles, measurements, applications, case studies, use of electrical and electromagnetic methods in mining exploration, hydrogeology, geotechnical and environmental investigations.
6) Well Logging and radiometric methods: Principles, measurements, applications, case studies
Structure and contain of exercises
Seismic refraction and reflection method. Basic data processing, identification of first arrivals of seismic waves and calculation of the seismic velocity of the geological strata. Interpretation of seismic sections.
Gravity method: Basic processing and interpretation of gravity measurements, gravity anomalies of simple structures, gravitational maps.
Magnetic method: Basic processing and interpretation of magnetic data, magnetic anomalies of simple structures, magnetic maps.
Electrical methods: Interpretation of electrical profiling and electrical tomography data.
Electromagnetic methods: Interpretation of electromagnetic data from VLF profiles and Georadar sections.
Well-logging data interpretation (resistivity and gamma logs) applied to hydrogeology.
Field demonstration of basic applied geophysical
Field demonstration at locations of the Univ. Campus of the application of applied geophysical methods.
Location: Univ. Campus
Content
Field demonstration of the application of geophysical methods with the participation of students in groups that includes the collection of measurements in the field using the following geophysical techniques: seismic refraction, electrical Tomography, magnetic method, GPR
Evaluation method for students (if done separately from the course).
The students deliver a relevant report with the basic interpretation of the collected field data.
Keywords
Applied Geophysics, magnetic field, gravity, electromagnetism, seismic methods, well-logging, mineral deposits detection, hydrocarbons, water resources detection
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
Εισαγωγή στην εφαρμοσμένη γεωφυσική, Κωδικός Βιβλίου στον Εύδοξο: 11261,Έκδοση: 1η έκδ./1996,Συγγραφείς: Παπαζάχος Βασίλης Κ.,ISBN: 960-431-359-2,Τύπος: Σύγγραμμα, Διαθέτης (Εκδότης): Ζήτη Πελαγία & Σια Ο.Ε.
Εισαγωγή στη Γεωφυσική, Κωδικός Βιβλίου στον Εύδοξο: 7969, Έκδοση: 1η/2010, Συγγραφείς: Ταξιάρχης Παπαδόπουλος, ISBN: 978-960-6759-499, Τύπος: Σύγγραμμα, Διαθέτης (Εκδότης): ΕΚΔΟΣΕΙΣ ΝΕΩΝ ΤΕΧΝΟΛΟΓΙΩΝ ΜΟΝ. ΕΠΕ
Εφαρμοσμένη γεωφυσική, Κωδικός Βιβλίου στον Εύδοξο: 50659068, Έκδοση: 1/2013, Συγγραφείς: ·Άκης Τσελέντης ·Π. Παρασκευόπουλος, ISBN: 618-5012-02-2
Τύπος: Σύγγραμμα, Διαθέτης (Εκδότης): LIBERAL BOOKS
Additional bibliography for study
Milsom, J. and Eriksen A. Field Geophysics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Fourth Edition, 2011
Parasnis, D.S. Principles of Applied Geophysics, Chapman and Hall, London, Fifth Edition, 1997.
Sheriff, R.E. Encyclopedic dictionary of Exploration Geophysics, Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, 1981.
Telford, W.M., Geldart L.P. and Sheriff, R.E. Applied Geophysics, Cambridge University press, New York, 1993.
Kearey, P., Brooks, M. Hill, I.. An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration, 3rd ed. ix + 262 pp. Oxford: Blackwell Science, 2002.
Dobrin, M.B. and Savit, C.H. Introduction to geophysical prospecting. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York , 1988.