Ethical Consideration of the Commercialization of the Human

Course Information
TitleΗθική θεώρηση της εµπορευµατοποίησης του ανθρωπίνου σώµατος / Ethical Consideration of the Commercialization of the Human
CodeΦΣΜ 118
Cycle / Level2nd / Postgraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter/Spring
CoordinatorMiltiadis Vantsos
Course ID600018933

Programme of Study: Systematic Philosophy

Registered students: 8
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
KORMOSElective Courses belonging to the selected specializationWinter/Spring-10

Class Information
Academic Year2022 – 2023
Class PeriodSpring
Faculty Instructors
Class ID
Course Type 2011-2015
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
The course is also offered to exchange programme students.
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
  • English (Examination)
  • German (Examination)
Learning Outcomes
At the end of this course students should be able to describe the moral consideration concerning the commercialisation of the human body and analyse its importance for respecting of human dignity and facing modern social problem. Moreover, they may compare and evaluate various approaches on important issues of commercialisation, such as slavery, prostitution, surrogate motherhood und organ trade.
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Make decisions
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Generate new research ideas
  • Demonstrate social, professional and ethical commitment and sensitivity to gender issues
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
Today there is strong the tendency to evaluate in economical terms not only goods and services, but also further activities of human life. From this tendency the human body is not excluded, since the recent progress of biotechnology has made possible several possibilities of using the human body, even in the first stages of life. Sperm and ova sales for the purposes of assisted reproduction, surrogate motherhood and organ sales are some of the modern ways of commercialising the human body. However, this consideration is not only modern, since slavery and prostitution were widely known practices since the antiquity. Slavery acknowledges the human body as a commodity, while prostitution makes as an object for the sexual desires of the client. These several forms of commercialisation are examined in this course from the point of view of social ethics and bioethics. 1. Philosophical and theological approaches on human body 2. Slavery in ancient greek philosophy 3. Slavery in the Holy Scripture 4. Patristic approaches on slavery. 5. Prostitution: legal and social approaches 6. Prostitution: philosophical approaches 7. Prostitution: feministic approaches 8. Prostitution: theological approaches 9. Ethical consideration on selling human eggs and sperm 10. The argumentation in favour of surrogate motherhood 11. The argumentation against surrogate motherhood 12. The argumentation in favour of selling human organs 13. The argumentation against selling human organs
social ethics, commercialisation, human body, slavery, prostitution, surrogate motherhood, organ trade
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
Course Organization
Reading Assigment1124.5
Written assigments1004
Student Assessment
Written assignment and presentation in the classroom.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Assignment (Formative, Summative)
  • Performance / Staging (Summative)
Additional bibliography for study
- Βάντσος Μιλτιάδης, Η εμπορευματοποίηση του ανθρωπίνου σώματος. Ηθική θεώρηση της δουλείας και της πορνείας, εκδ. Ostracon, Θεσσαλονίκη 2019. - Βάντσος Μιλτιάδης, Το επιστημονικά εφικτό και το ηθικά ορθό: Προσεγγίσεις Ορθόδοξης Βιοηθικής, εκδ. Ostracon, Θεσσαλονίκη 2016. - Καλοκαιρινού Ελένη, Το έμβρυο, η κυοφορούσα μητέρα και τα όρια της αναπαραγωγικής ελευθερίας: Η άλλη πλευρά της Ιατρικώς Υποβοηθούμενης Αναπαραγωγής, εκδ. Σύγχρονη Παιδεία, Θεσσαλονίκη 2019. - Παπαδάκη Λίνα, Ζητήματα ηθικής φιλοσοφίας και βιοηθικής. Καντιανές προσεγγίσεις, εκδ. Νήσος, Αθήνα 2017. - Τσινόρεμα Σταυρούλα, «Το πρόσωπο και η αρχή της προσωπικότητας στη νεώτερη ηθική φιλοσοφία και τη βιοηθική», σε: Μ. Κανελλοπούλου-Μπότη, Φ. Παναγοπούλου-- Κουτνατζή (επιμ.), Βιοηθικοί προβληματισμοί ΙΙ. Το πρόσωπο, Αθήνα 2016, σ. 85-113. - Cook Rachel (μ.α.), Surrogate motherhood: international perspectives, Oxford 2003. - Ericsson Lars, «Charges Against Prostitution: An Attempt at a Philosophical Assessment», σε: Ethics 90, 3 (1980) σ. 335-366. - Hippen Benjamin, «In Defense of a Regulated Market in Kidneys from Living Donors», σε: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (2005) 593-626. - Nussbaum Martha, «Objectification», σε: Philosophy and Public Affairs 24, 4 (1995) 249-291. - Pateman Carole, «What’s Wrong with Prostitution?», σε: Alison Μ. Jaggar (επιμ.), Living with Contradictions. Controversies in Feminist Social Ethics, εκδ. Westview Press, Boulder 1994, σ. 127-133. - Phillips Anne, Our Bodies, Whose Properties?, εκδ. Princeton University Press, Princeton 2013. - Rippon Simon, «Imposing options on people in poverty: the harm of a live donor organ market», σε: Journal of Medical Ethics 40, 3 (2014) 145-150. - Sandel Michael, Τι δεν μπορεί να αγοράσει το χρήμα. Τα ηθικά όρια των αγορών, εκδ. Πόλις, Αθήνα 2016. - Satz Debra, Why some things should not be for sale. The moral limits of markets, εκδ. Oxford University Press, New York 2010.
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