Course Information
FacultyPhysical Education and Sport Science
SchoolPhysical Education and Sports Sciences (Thessaloniki)
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodSpring
CoordinatorTheofanis Siatras
Course ID400000350

Programme of Study: UPS of School of Physical Education and Sports Science (2014-2015)

Registered students: 8
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS

Class Information
Academic Year2022 – 2023
Class PeriodSpring
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours9
Class ID
Course Type 2021
Specialization / Direction
Course Type 2016-2020
  • Scientific Area
  • Skills Development
Course Type 2011-2015
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
Required Courses
Learning Outcomes
After successful completion of this course, students would be able to understand the techniques/mecanics of basic gymnastics exercises, and they could perform in practice a part of them and apply gymnastics aid modalities. In addition, students will be able to apply various teaching methods for exercises learning.
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Make decisions
  • Work autonomously
  • Work in teams
  • Generate new research ideas
  • Be critical and self-critical
Course Content (Syllabus)
Theory: 1. Introduction to research methods in gymnastics. 2. Muscle stretching and performance in gymnasts. 3. Gymnastics anthropometry. 4. Gymnastics course organization. 5. Vertical jump performance in gymnasts. 6. Maximal power and lean body mass in gymnasts. 7. Evaluation methods of muscular strength and fatigue. 8. Men’s and women’s gymnastics code of points. 9. Gymnastics injuries. 10. The effect of gymnastics on athletes physical development. 11. Students' measurements and laboratory practice. 12. Analysis of the results of students anthropometric measurements. 13. Plan and training programming in gymnastics. Practice: Practice includes performance of exercises in all gymnastics apparatus (Floor Exercise, Balance Beam, Pommel Horse, Still Rings, Vault, Parallel Bars, Horizontal Bar, Uneven Bars), taught in different exercise groups. In particular, practice includes exercises appertaining to the below groups: 1.Push and flight exercises. 2.Flight and twist exercises. 3.Connections of skills. 4.Swing exercises. 5.Kip exercises. 6.Strength exercises. 7.Uprise exercises. 8.Leg circles. 9.Round off vaults. 10.Difficult mounts. 11.Difficult dismounts. 12.Balance beam choreography. 13.Floor exercise choreography.
Gymnastics, Competitive artistic gymnastics, Skills mecanics, Floor exercise, Balance beam, Pommel horse, Still rings, Vaulting, Parallel bars, Horizontal bar, Uneven bars
Educational Material Types
  • Slide presentations
  • Book
  • Articles
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Laboratory Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
  • Use of ICT in Student Assessment
Course Organization
Laboratory Work251
Reading Assigment251
Field trips and participation in conferences / seminars / activities251
Written assigments753
Student Assessment
The final examinations of the semester include the assessment of students in three parts: a) Practice, b) Teaching, c) Theory and work. Each student is graded with a maximum of 10 and the final grade is one. In detail, the assessment of theoretical knowledge is done in writing or orally with questions included in the subject matter of the semester. The practical part of the examination is carried out by performing exercises or pre-exercises in all apparatuses taught during the semester. The methodical teaching of the exercises by students, as well as the ways of their assistance and security, are also considered.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Multiple Choice Questions (Formative)
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Summative)
  • Written Assignment (Formative)
  • Oral Exams (Formative)
  • Report (Formative)
  • Labortatory Assignment (Formative)
  • Practical examination (Formative, Summative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
1) Σιάτρας Θ. (2016). Ενόργανη γυμναστική (Μηχανική, Τεχνική, Προασκήσεις, Βοήθεια, Λάθη, Επιστημονικές έρευνες στην ενόργανη γυμναστική). (Κωδικός στο σύστημα ΕΥΔΟΞΟΣ: 59364502). Εκδόσεις University Studio Press (Αναθεωρημένη έκδοση), Θεσσαλονίκη. 2) Μιλτιάδης Πρώιος (2011). Διδακτική της Ενόργανης Γυμναστικής (Κωδικός στο σύστημα ΕΥΔΟΞΟΣ: 12867613) ΤΣΙΑΡΤΣΙΑΝΗΣ ΑΘ. & ΣΙΑ Ο.Ε., Θεσσαλονίκη. 3) Βασίλειος Καϊμακάμης (2003). Ενόργανη γυμναστική Η΄ (Κωδικός στο σύστημα ΕΥΔΟΞΟΣ: 89399). Βασίλειος Καϊμακάμης, Θεσσαλονίκη. 4) Πασχάλης Κυριαλάνης, Ιωάννης Σατρατζέμης (2010). Ενόργανη γυμναστική (Κωδικός στο σύστημα ΕΥΔΟΞΟΣ: 12846166) Εκδότης: Ιωάννης Σατρατζέμης, Αθήνα.
Additional bibliography for study
1) Σιάτρας Θ. (2016). Ενόργανη γυμναστική (Μηχανική, Τεχνική, Προασκήσεις, Βοήθεια, Λάθη, Επιστημονικές έρευνες). Εκδόσεις University Studio Press (Αναθεωρημένη έκδοση), Θεσσαλονίκη. 2) Πρώιος Μιλ. (2021). Διδακτική της Ενόργανης Γυμναστικής. Εκδόσεις Όλυμπος (Βελτιωμένη έκδοση), Θεσσαλονίκη. 3) Καϊμακάμης Β. (2003). Ενόργανη γυμναστική Η. Βασίλειος Καϊμακάμης, Θεσσαλονίκη. 4) Κυριαλάνης Π., Σατρατζέμης Ι. (2010). Ενόργανη γυμναστική. Εκδότης: Ιωάννης Σατρατζέμης, Αθήνα. 5) Μυλώσης Δ., Σιάτρας Θ., Χριστούλας Κ., Πατίκας Κ. (2018). Ισομετρική ροπή και αναλογία καμπτήρων/εκτεινόντων μυών των ώμων αθλητών ενόργανης γυμναστικής και φοιτητών φυσικής αγωγής. Αναζητήσεις στη Φυσική Αγωγή και τον Αθλητισμό, 16(1): 8-22. 6) Σιάτρας Θ., Δούκα Ι., Μαμελετζή Δ., Παπανικολάου Α. (2007). Η εξέλιξη της κινητικότητας των αρθρώσεων σε κορίτσια ενόργανης γυμναστικής. Αθλητική Απόδοση & Υγεία, VI(1): 51-60. 7) Σιάτρας Θ. (2009). Κακώσεις στις επιφύσεις των οστών των αθλητών και αθλητριών της ενόργανης γυμναστικής και επιπτώσεις στην ανάπτυξή τους. Ελληνική Ιατρική, 75(3): 204-214. 8) Σιάτρας Θ. (2010). Επίδραση της ενόργανης γυμναστικής στην οστική πυκνότητα των νεαρών αθλητών. Ελληνική Ιατρική, 76(1): 19-27. ΕΠΙΠΡΟΣΘΕΤΗ ΞΕΝΗ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΓΡΑΦΙΑ ΕΝΟΡΓΑΝΗΣ ΓΥΜΝΑΣΤΙΚΗΣ 1) Arampatzis Α., Brüggemann G.-P. (1998). Mechanical energetic processes during the giant swing before the Tkatchev exercise. Journal of Biomechanics, 34: 505-512. 2) Arampatzis Α., Brüggemann G.-P. (2001). A mathematical high bar-human body model for analysing and interpreting mechanical-energetic processes on the high bar. Journal of Biomechanics, 31: 1083-1092. 3) Arampatzis Α., Morey-Klapsing G., Brüggemann G.-P. (2003). The effect of falling height on muscle activity and foot motion during landings. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 13: 533–544. 4) Bradshaw E.J., Hume P.A. (2012). Biomechanical approaches to identify and quantify injury mechanisms and risk factors in women’s artistic gymnastics. Sports Biomechanics, 11: 324–341. 5) Caine D., Nassar L. (2005). Gymnastics injuries. Medicine and Sport Science, 2005; 48: 18-58. 6) Caine D.J., Russell K., Lim L. (2013). Handbook of sports medicine and science Gymnastics. Wiley-Blackwell. Oxford. 7) Daly R.M., Rich A.R., Klein R., Bass S.L. (2000). Short stature in competitive prepubertal and early pubertal male gymnasts: The result of selection bias or intense training. Journal of Pediatrics, 137: 510-516. 8) DiFiori J.P., Caine D.J., Malina R.M. (2006). Wrist pain, distal radial physeal injury, and ulnar variance in the young gymnast. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 34(5): 840-848. 9) Fujihara T., Gervais P. (2012). Circles with a suspended aid: Reducing pommel reaction forces. Sports Biomechanics, 11(1): 34–47. 10) Gervais P., Dunn J. (2003). The double back salto dismount from the parallel bars. Sports Biomechanics, 2(1): 85-101. 11) Hiley M.J., Apostolidis A., Yeadon M.R. (2011). Loads on a gymnastics safety support system during maximal use. Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology, 225 (1): 1–7. 12) Jemni M. (2011). The science of gymnastics. Routledge, New York. 13) Keller M.S. (2009). Gymnastics injuries and imaging in children. Pediatric Radiology, 39: 1299–1306. 14) Kerr Z.Y., Hayden R., Barr M., Klossner D.A., Dompier T.P. (2015). Epidemiology of national collegiate athletic association women's gymnastics injuries, 2009-2010 through 2013-2014. Journal of Athletic Training, 50(8): 870-878 15) Koyama K., Nakazato K., Min S.K., Gushiken K., Hatakeda Y., Seo K.., Hiranuma K. (2013). Radiological abnormalities and low back pain in gymnasts. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 34(3):218-222. 16) Milosis D., Siatras Th. (2012). Sex differences in young gymnasts’ postural steadiness. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 114(1): 319-328. 17) Milosis D., Siatras Th., Christoulas K., Patikas D. (2020). Construct validity of gymnastics-specific assessment on the neuromuscular function of shoulder flexor and extensor muscles. Sports Biomechanics, DOI: 10.1080/14763141.2020.1772861. 18) Milosis D., Siatras Th., Proios M., Proios M.C., Christoulas K., Papaioannou A. (2018). Accuracy of university students’ skill-specific, self-efficacy and self-efficacy-performance in gymnastics relationship. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 49(5): 429-447. 19) Milosis D., Papaioannou A., Siatras Th., Proios M., Proios M.C. (2015). Gender differences on attitudes and participation in an extracurricular gymnastics course among Greek university students. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 34(3): 424-441. 20) Modlesky C.M., Majumdar S., Dudley G.A. (2008). Trabecular bone microarchitecture in female collegiate gymnasts. Osteoporosis International, 19: 1011-1118. 21) Overlin A.J., Chima B., Erickson S. (2011). Update on artistic gymnastics. Current Sports Medicine Reports, 10(5): 304-309. 22) Papavasiliou A., Siatras Th., Bintoudi A., Milosis D., Lallas V., Sykaras E., Karantanas A. (2014). The gymnasts’ hip and groin: A magnetic resonance imaging study in asymptomatic elite athletes. Skeletal Radiology, 43(8): 1071-1077. 23) Penitente G., Sands W.A. (2015). Exploratory investigation of impact loads during the forward handspring vault. Journal of Human Kinetics, 46: 59-68. 24) Prassas S.G. Kwon Y.-H., Sands W.A. (2006). Biomechanical Research in Artistic Gymnastics: A Review. Sports Biomechanics, 5(2): 261-291. 25) Potop V., Timnea O.C., Mihaiu C., Manole C. (2014). Biomechanical characteristics of back double salto dismount off the uneven bars. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 14(2): 248-253. 26) Sands B. (2011). Biomechanics for gymnastics. In: M. Jemni (Ed.), The science of gymnastics. Routledge, New York. p. 55. 27) Sands W.A. (2000). Injury prevention in women’s gymnastics. Sports Medicine, 30(5): 359–373. 28) Siatras Th. (2011). Computer-assisted image analysis for measuring body segmental angles during a static strength element on parallel bars: validity and reliability. Sports Biomechanics, 10(2): 135-145. 29) Siatras Th., Skaperda M., Mameletzi D. (2010). Reliability of anthropometric measurements in young male and female artistic gymnasts. Medical Problems of Performing Artists, 25(4): 162-166. 30) Siatras Th., Skaperda M., Mameletzi D. (2009). Anthropometric characteristics and delayed growth in young artistic gymnasts. Medical Problems of Performing Artists, 24(2): 91-96. 31) Siatras Th., Douka I., Milosis D. (2010). Feasibility and reproducibility of muscular strength measures in gymnastics-specific body positions using hand-held dynamometry. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 18(4): 223-234. 32) Siatras Th., Papadopoulos G., Mameletzi D., Gerodimos V., Kellis S. (2003). Static and dynamic acute stretching effect on gymnasts’ speed in vaulting. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15(4): 383-391. 33) Siatras Th., Mameletzi D. (2014). The female athlete triad in gymnastics. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 6(1): 5-22. 34) Siatras Th. (2014). Synergist and antagonist muscles static stretching acute effect during a V-sit position on parallel bars. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 6(3): 49-59. 35) Terra M.P., Maas M.,, Nusman C.M., Navas-Canete A., DeJonge M.C. (2011). Common injuries in gymnasts. Medical Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, 347-365. 36) Wade M., Campbell A., Smith A., Norcott J., O'Sullivan P. (2012). Investigation of spinal posture signatures and ground reaction forces during landing in elite female gymnasts. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 28(6): 677-686. 37) Webb B., Rettig L. (2008). Gymnastic wrist injuries. Current Sports Medicine Reports, 7: 289-295. 38) Westermann R.W., Giblin M.,Vaske A., Grosso K., Wolf B.R. (2015). Evaluation of men’s and women’s gymnastics injuries: A 10-year observational study. Sports Health, 7(2): 161-165. 39) Zetaruk M.N. (2000). The young gymnast. Clinics in Sports Medicine. 19(4): 757-780. 40) Zivcic-Markovic K., Sporis Γ., Cavar I., Aleksic-Veljkovic A, Milanovic Z. (2012). Biomechanical evaluation of exercises for performing a forward handspring - Case Study. Journal of Human Kinetics, 34: 21-32.
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