General Botany-Morphology

Course Information
TitleΓΕΝΙΚΗ ΒΟΤΑΝΙΚΗ-ΜΟΡΦΟΛΟΓΙΑ / General Botany-Morphology
FacultyAgriculture, Forestry and Natural Environment
SchoolForestry and Natural Environment
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter
Course ID420000010

Class Information
Academic Year2023 – 2024
Class PeriodWinter
Faculty Instructors
Class ID
Course Type 2016-2020
  • Scientific Area
  • Skills Development
Course Type 2011-2015
General Foundation
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
The course is also offered to exchange programme students.
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
  • English (Instruction, Examination)
Learning Outcomes
1. Understanding of the anatomy of plants and ability to microscopically identify the cells, cellular organelles and structures. 2. Understanding of the plant meristems and ability to identify them macro- and microscopically. 3. Understanding of the plant body, the tissues and organes. Identification macro- and microscopically. 4. Understanding of pollination and fertilization procedures for gymnosperm and angeiosperm plant species. Ability to microscopically identify the fertilization phases. 5. Understanding of procedures of embryo, seed and fruit formation.
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Work autonomously
  • Work in teams
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Respect natural environment
Course Content (Syllabus)
The plant cell. Plasma membranes, cytoskeleton (microtubules, actin microfilaments), nucleus (membrane of the nucleus, chromatin, chromosomes, nucleolus), ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, endomembrane system, Golgi apparatus, mitochondria, plastids, peroxisomes, vacuole. Cell wall (chemical composition, cell wall structure, formation of primary and secondary cell wall alterations of the cell wall). Cell cycle (mesophase, cell division, cytoplasmic division). Types of cell division (mitosis, meiosis). Plant tissues. Meristems (root and shoot apical meristems, lateral meristems, intercalary meristems). Protective tissue: primary Epidermis. Trichome, glands, glandular hairs. Secondary Periderm. Parenchyma, types of, major features. Supportive tissue. Collenchyma, types of, major features. Sclerenchyma cell types, major features. Vascular tissue: xylem, phloem. Vascular bundles. Stem anatomy. Primary stem anatomy of angiosperms, major differences between monocots and dicots, stem modifications. Secondary stem growth and anatomy. Vascular cambium formation, tree rings, wood anatomy of gymnosperms, angiosperms. Macroscopic leaf morphology, microscopic anatomy. Morphological and anatomical leaf differences among gymnosperms, dicots, and monocots. Leaf modifications. Macroscopic morphology of the root. Root cap, Endodermis, Pericycle, xylem, phloem bundles. Root hairs. Primary and secondary root growth. Root modifications. Morphology and anatomy of the flower. Calyx, Corolla, Androecium, Gynoecium. Fruit formation. Simple (fleshy, dry), multiple, syncarpus fruits. Follicle, Legume, Capsule, Achene, Caryopsis, Nut, Samara, Schizocarp, Berry, Drupe, Pome. Micro and macro-sporogenesis of angiosperms. Microcones-microsporogenesis, cones-macrosporogenesis of gymnosperms. Pollination and fertilization of angiosperms and gymnosperms. Embryo formation in dicots, monocots and gymnosperms. Seed morphology and anatomy, seed transport and germination.
Plant morphology, plant anatomy, plant cell, meristems, tissues, pollination, fertilization, seed, transfer and germination of seed
Educational Material Types
  • Multimedia
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Laboratory Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
Use of the new technologies during the lectures and the laboratory courses. Use of internet. Use of the A.U.Th. electronic couses platform ( - electronic course (pls see above). Communication with the students via the Electronic Secretatiat (A.U.Th. platform) and the A.U.Th. Elearning platform.
Course Organization
Laboratory Work26
Reading Assigment50
Student Assessment
Written exams based on multiple choice questions or questions requiring a short answer on the material taught during the Layboratory training. The students need to succeed in the exams for the Lab. material to proceed to the exams of the theoretical part of the course. Written exam of the theoretical part of the course that includes multiple choice questions of questions requiring short responses. Oral examination of students facing health issues and only after the decision of the General Assembly of the School on this issue.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Multiple Choice Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Oral Exams (Formative, Summative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
Αρτέμιος Μποζαμπαλίδης, 2015. Βοτανική - Μορφολογία και Ανατομία Φυτών. University Studio Press. ISBN 978-960-12-2208-0
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