All professional veterinary degrees offered in the European Union are required to meet certain minimum training requirements. These are set out in Article 38 of the EU Directive on the recognition of professional qualifications (Directive 2005/36/EC, as amended by Directive 2013/55/EU), as follows:
The training of the veterinary surgeons shall comprise a total of at least five years of full-time theoretical and practical study, which may in addition be expressed with the equivalent ECTS credits, at a university or at a higher institute providing training recognised as being of an equivalent level, or under the supervision of a university, covering at least the study programme referred to in point 5.4.1 of Annex V.
Trainig as a veterinary surgeon shall provide an assurance that the professional in question has acquired the following knowledge and skills:
(a) adequate knowledge of the scinces on which the activities of a veterinary surgeon are based and of the Union law relating to those activities;
(b)adequate knowledge of the structure, functions, behaviour and physiological needs af animals, as well as the skills and competences needed for their husbandry, feeding, welfare, reproduction and hygiene in general;
(c) the clinical, epidemiological and analytical skills and competences required for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the diseases of animals, including anaesthesia, aseptic surgery and painless death, whether considered individually or in groups, including specific knowledge of the diseases which may be transmitted to humans;
(d) adequate knowledge, skills and competences for preventive medicine, including competences relating to inquires and certification;
(e) adequate knowledge of the hygiene and technology involved in the production, manufacture and putting into circulation of animal feedstuffs or foodstuffs of animal origin intended for human consumption, including the skills and competences required to understand and explain good practice in this regard;
(f) the knowledge, skills and competences required for the responsible and sensible use of a veterinary medicinal products, in order to treat the animals and ensure the safety of the food chain and the protection of the environment.