The aim of this course is to present and critically discuss the origin and the development of natural sciences and technology in European space, and the students' contact with basic philosophical and scientific ideas and their historical development, from the pre-Socratics to modern and postmodern times. Based on an epistemological ground, the students will focus on a critical approach of science and technology, and on a unifying, holistic view of the essence, meaning and development of scientific knowledge and technology, of the principles and characteristics of their theories and applications. Moreover, the aim of this course is to lay the foundations for a critical discussion - in the following courses which will be given by me in higher semesters - of the concept of progress as well as of the socio-ethical and environmental impacts of technoscience.
After the course's completion the students will be able:
- to cultivate critical thought.
- to understand some basic philosophical, scientific and epistemological concepts, principles and methods.
- to understand the developmental stages of natural sciences and technology in the european space.
- to critically look on techno-scientific development.
- to understand the unifying role of the philosophy of science and technology.
Course Content (Syllabus)
Special topics on philosophical thought,epistemology, science and technology in: a) ancient Greek philosophy (pre-Socratics, Sophists, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Epicureans, Skeptics, Stoics, Archimedes), b)New Ages (rationalism, empiricism, scientific revolution, classical/Newtonian physics and mechanistic world-view), and c)the modern age (positivism, logical positivism, modern physics, scientific realism, scientism and technocratic world-view, post-modern view of science and technology, unifying function of the philosophy of science and technology).
Philosophy of natural sciences, philosophy of technology, epistemology, natural sciences, technology