Upon completion of the course, students should:
- have acquired a general background in phonology covering a number of phenomena
- be familiar with several key phonological concepts
- be able to identify how phonology has progressed in the years, e.g. from linear to autosegmental rules, from rules to OT
- have been exposed to data from numerous languages so as to get an idea of the diversity of phenomena across languages
- have learnt how to think phonologically
- have developed their problem solving skills
Course Content (Syllabus)
This course aims to provide a comprehensive introduction to the basic concepts and principles of phonological analysis. The first part of the course will cover basic issues in phonology such as variation, distribution and systems of contrast. The theory of distinctive features will follow and topics such as natural classes and the form and function of phonological rules will be discussed. The second part of the course will focus on the standard model of generative phonology. We will examine important theoretical issues such as the levels of representation, the ordering of phonological rules, redundancy and simplicity. The final part of the course will present basic theoretical issues in some contemporary approaches including the metrical and autosegmental frameworks as well as Optimality Theory. Examples and data will be presented from a variety of languages, while English and Greek will also be discussed. Numerous exercises will be given to the students with the aim to reinforce the basic concepts and principles of phonological analysis introduced in the lectures.
distribution, rules and constraints, phonological processes, vowel harmony, syllable, syllable weight, stress
Additional bibliography for study
Ewen, C.J. and H. van der Hulst (2001) The phonological structure of words: An introduction. Cambridge University Press
Gussenhoven, C. and H. Jacobs (2017) Understanding Phonology. 4th edition. London: Arnold
Gussmann, E. (2002) Phonology. Cambridge University Press
Hayes, B. (1995). Metrical Stress Theory. Chicago University Press
Kager, R. (1999) Optimality Theory. Cambridge University Press
Kennedy, R. (2016). Phonology: A Coursebook. Cambridge University Press
Kenstowicz, M. (1994) Phonology in Generative Grammar. Oxford: Blackwell
Ladefoged, P. (1975) A Course in Phonetics. 4th edition 2001, New York: Harcourt
Odden, D. (2013) Introducing Phonology. 2nd edition. Cambridge University Press
Peng, L. (2013) Analyzing Sound Patterns. Cambridge University Press
Roca, I. & W. Johnson (1999). Course in phonology. Oxford: Blackwell.
Zsiga, E. (2013). The Sounds of Language: An Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.