Understanding of the evolutionary and functional context that has shaped the morphological diversity of vertebrates in multiple levels of structural organisation. Awareness through the appreciation of the evolutionary and adaptive dimensions of vertebrate past and present diversity. Practical techniques of anatomy of representative farm-raised chordates (trout, frog, pigeon, rat) with understanding of functional anatomy, identification of morphological characters with specific functional adaptations, techniques of optical microscopy and practice on techniques of tissue preparation for microscopic observations.
Course Content (Syllabus)
Principles of evolution and comparative anatomy. Principles of functional anatomy and ecological morphology. Comparative anatomy and evolution of integumental tissue and glands, connective tissue, cartilaginous, bony, and muscular tissue and nervous tissue.
Comparative anatomy and evolution of Integument and derivatives, Skeletal system and Muscular system, Digestive and respiratory system, Circulatory system, Reproductive system and urogenital ducts, Nervous system and sense organs. Practicals on techniques of optical microscopy, techniques of tissue preparation (tissue resection, fixation, dehydration, infiltration and embedding in paraffin, sectioning with a microtome, mounting on microscope slides, clearing and staining and preparation of permanent mounts) for microscopic observations. Comparative anatomy of representative farm-raised chordates (trout, frog, pigeon, rat) on all the systems (skeletal, muscular,digestive and respiratory systems, circulatory, reproductive and urogenital systems, nervous system and sense organs).