In the context of the course the students will
(1) survey the material culture during the Classical period,
(2) study the artefacts and the archaeological sites in combination with the literary sources,
(3) understand the artistic, social and economic background of the material culture of the Classical era,
(4) discuss major monuments of the Classical period,
(5) be able to discuss the intercultural interaction of the Classical period and its impact on the material culture,
(6) practise their skills to present orally and in written their ideas and arguments.
Course Content (Syllabus)
The Classical period covers the time from the end of the Persian wars to the reign of Alexander the Great (480-323 BC). This era is noted for the great prosperity of the city-states at an intellectual and artistic level, the competition between them and the power games that lead to the prevalence of the kingdom of Macedon. Within this framework, the political and cultural life developed and is reflected in various areas of the material culture. The course examines issues related to the structure of the city-state, the growth and organisation of local and panhellenic sanctuaries as well as great athletic games, the urban planning, burial practices, the evolution of architecture, sculpture, pottery, large-scale painting, metalworking, miniature art. The relations of the Greeks with other peoples are also studied while questions on the interpretation of political and social structures are discussed as well as issues of economic and social organisation. In addition, students would have the opportunity to practice and focus on particular topics by visiting archaeological sites and museums.