The aim of the subject is the study by various approaches of the mecahnisms of adaptation the animals use in order to adapt to the environenment they leave wether it is constant (i.e. water, desert, air or land), or it is changing either due to pollution or due to climate. The approaches are at the level of whole organisms, or specific biochemical mechanisms or at the cellular level.
Course Content (Syllabus)
Comparative reproductive physiology. Determination of metabolic rate in animals. Aerobic and anaerobic metabolism in animals. Metabolic depression in animals. Environment and thermoregulation. Endothermic and exothermic animals. Thermoregulation in endothermic and exothermic animals.Adaptive principles in hypoxic environments. Adaptation of invertebrates to hypoxia. Adaptation of vertebrates to diving. Adaptation of vertebrates to high altitude. Osmoregulation of marine invertebrates to hypotonic and hypertonic environment. Osmoregulation of aquatic vertebrates. Osmoregulation of animals extreme conditions of land environment. Effect of temperature on cell functions. Ρegulatory mechanisms of loss and production οf metabolic heat. Thermoreguation mechanisms at extreme environmental condtions.
ENERGY METABOLISM, OSMOREGULATION, THERMOREGULATION, CLIMATIC CHANGE, REPRODUCTION, NUTRITION