Ιnterbalkan relations in the 19th/ 20th century

Course Information
TitleΔιαβαλκανικές Σχέσεις στον 19ο/20ό αιώνα / Ιnterbalkan relations in the 19th/ 20th century
CodeΙΑΤ 701
SchoolHistory and Archaeology
Cycle / Level2nd / Postgraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter/Spring
Course ID600016040

Programme of Study: Historical Research

Registered students: 3
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
Neóterīs kai Sýnchronīs IstoríasElective CoursesWinter/Spring-15

Class Information
Academic Year2019 – 2020
Class PeriodSpring
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours3
Class ID
Course Type 2016-2020
  • Scientific Area
Course Type 2011-2015
Knowledge Deepening / Consolidation
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
Language of Instruction
  • Greek (Instruction, Examination)
General Prerequisites
Α basic knowledge of Balkan History is necessary
Learning Outcomes
Students who attend the course are expected to 1) understand the basic keystones of the national programs of the Balkan states in the 19th century 2) grasp the backdrop of the Balkan cooperation or the Balkan conflicts in the 19th century 3) understand the significance of the Balkan region for the policy of the Great Powers during the long 19th century and the outbreak of Wolrd War I. 4) understand the revisionism of the defeated countries in the Inter-war period, the lack of a system of European and Balkan security and the inevitable entanglement of the Balkan countries in World War II 5) grasp the essence of the national questions that affected the relations between the Balkan communist countries under ideological guise 6) to understand better the historical background of comtemporary Balkan conflicts (Macedonian issue, Albanian question).
General Competences
  • Adapt to new situations
  • Work autonomously
  • Work in an international context
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Appreciate diversity and multiculturality
  • Be critical and self-critical
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
Τhe course concerns the framework of Interbalkan relations during the long 19th century - as well as the 20th century. Throughout the 19th century Balkan states were striving for their national accomplishment, i.e. the ''Great Idea'' of each determined the friendly or hostile relations among them. In particular, the Macedonian issue affected the Greek-Bulgarian , Serbian-Bulgarian and Greek-Serbian relations, the Koutzowallachian (or "Aromunian") issue the Greek-Romanian relations, the transformation of the Hasburg Empire defined the Serbian-Croatian relations. The emergence of the Albanian national movement after 1878 raised the question of the stance of Greeks, Serbs and Montenegrins towards the Albanians and their struggle for statehood. Great Powers got involved in the Balkan Affairs, and it is no coincidence that the Great War broke out in the Balkans. In the Inter-war period Interbalkan relations were determined by the outcome of the World War I. Bulgaria, as a defeated country, claimed Western Thrace, Serbian Macedonia, and South Dobroutsa. Bulgaria's claim for territorial outlet into the Aegean Sea impaired the Greek-Bulgarian relations, the Macedonian issue affected the Greek-Yugoslavian relations, the North-Epir issue and the question of the Cams influenced the Greek-Albanian relations, Kosovo marred the Yugoslavian-Albanian relations. Minority issues were perceived by the winners as a springboard for change of the borders. During the World War II Balkan conflicts took on tragic dimensions. Since Communism failed as an internationalist ideology, it was basically national issues under ideological guise that affected the relations between Balkan communist states, and Greece's relations with some Balkan communist countries as well. The topics discussed in each semester will depend on the period which will be opted for (1832-1918, 1918-1941, 1941-1945, 1945-1989).
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Slide presentations
  • Video lectures
  • Book
Course Organization
Reading Assigment1505
Field trips and participation in conferences / seminars / activities612.0
Written assigments2006.7
Student Assessment
Students will have to study weekly specific book chapters and articles (in Greek, Balkan or Western European languages) and present, orally or in written, brief reports of their critical reading. They will to study and comment on specific 19th and 20th primary sources. Students' evaluation will depend on their weekly presentations, their ability to argue and to answer complicated questions based on bibliography and the relevent sources.
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Assignment (Formative, Summative)
  • Performance / Staging (Formative)
Additional bibliography for study
. Βαλντέν Σωτήρης, Παράταιροι Εταίροι. Ελληνική δικτατορία, Κομμουνιστικά καθεστώτα και Βαλκάνια, 1967-1974, Αθήνα 2009. . Βερέμης Θάνος, Βαλκάνια από τον 19ο ως τον 21ο αιώνα. Δόμηση και αποδόμηση κρατών, Αθήνα 2004. . Καρακωστάνογλου Βενιαμίν- Κεντρωτής Κυριάκος- Μαντά Ελευθερία- Σφέτας Σπυρίδων, Το Κόσοβο και οι αλβανικοί πληθυσμοί της Βαλκανικής, Θεσσαλονίκη 2000. . Κατσάνος Κωνσταντίνος, Το "ανύπαρκτο" ζήτημα. Οι ελληνογιουγκοσλαβικές σχέσεις και το Μακεδονικό 1950-1967 Θεσσαλονίκη 2013. . Κεκρίδης Στάθης, "Το Ελληνικό προξενείο Κετίγνης. Συμβολή στις σχέσεις της Ελλάδος-Μαυροβουνίου κατά τα τέλη του 19ου αι. και στις αρχές του 20ου", Βαλκανικά Σύμμεικτα 10 (1998) 151-169. .Κόντης Βασίλης, Ευαίσθητες ισορροπίες. Ελλάδα και Αλβανία στον 20ο αιώνα, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2009. Του ιδίου (επιμέλεια), Ο Ελληνισμός της Βορείου Ηπείρου και οι Ελληνοαλβανικές σχέσεις, Έγγραφα από το Ιστορίκο Αρχείο, τόμος Ι: 1897-1918, τόμος ΙΙ: 1919-1921, τόμος ΙΙΙ: 1922-1929, τόμος IV: 1930-1940, Αθήνα, 1995-1997. . Μαντά Ελεθευρία, Οι Μουσουλμάνοι Τσάμηδες της Ηπείρου (1923-2000), Θεσσαλονίκη 2004. . Σταυρινού Μιράντα, Η Δυτική Θράκη στην εξωτερική πολιτική της Βουλγαρίας. Το ζήτημα τηε βουλγαρικής οικονομικής διεξόδου στο Αιγαίο (1919-1923), Αθήνα 1997. . Σφέτας Σπυρίδων, Ελληνοβουλγαρικές αναταράξεις 1880-1908. Ανάμεσα στη ρητορική της διμερούς συνεργασίας και στην πρακτική των εθνικών ανταγωνισμών, Θεσσαλονίκη 2008. Του ιδίου, Το ιστορικό πλαίσιο των ελληνο-ρουμανικών σχέσεων 1866-1913, Μακεδονικά 33 (2001-2002) 23-48. Του ιδίου, Στη Σκιά του Μακεδονικού. Η κρίση Αθήνας- Βελιγραδίου στη δεκαετία του 1960, Θεσσαλονίκη 2007. Του ιδίου,Η Τιτοϊκή Γιουγκοσλαβία και η Δικτατορία των Συνταγματαρχών (1967-1974).Όψεις των ελληνογιουγκοσλαβικών σχέσεων κατά την επταετία, Θεσσαλονίκη 2016. Του ιδίου, Το Μακεδονικό και η Βουλγαρία . Πλήρη τα απόρρητα βουλγαρικά έγγραφα (1950-1967), Θεσσαλονίκη 2009. Του ιδίου, Ο ακήρυκτος πόλεμος για το Μακεδονικό. Βουλγαρία-Γιουγκοσλαβία 1968-1989, Θεσσαλονίκη 2010. . Petrescu Stefan, Οι Έλληνες ως "άλλοι" στη Ρουμανία. Η εσωτερική οικοδόμηση του ρουμανικού έθνους-κράτους κατά τον δέκατο αιώνα και οι Έλληνες, Θεσσαλονίκη 2014. . Prifti, R, Peter, Confrontation in Kosova. The Albanian- Serb struggle 1969- 1999, New York 1999. . Reuters, Jens, Die Albaner in Jugoslawien, München 1982.
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