At the end of this course, the students will be able to:
• Have an understanding of the hydrological cycle and its components.
• Process and measure/estimate the depth of rain and snow on the main temporal and spatial (station and basin level) scales.
• Have an understanding of drought characteristics, its types and their order of occurrence. They will know about drought indicators and their categories.
• Have an understanding of soils characteristics and their relationship to soil moisture.
• Know about the conditions favoring floods and their relationship to rain. Plot flood sensitivity maps on basin level.
Course Content (Syllabus)
• The hydrologic cycle and its components.
• Precipitation: causes of precipitation, measurement of precipitation (rain gages, types of rain gages) and data analysis. Rainfall distributions and return periods. Storm analysis.
• Snow: snow water equivalent, snow characteristics, snowmelt modeling over a watershed, snow cover distribution, critical temperature for rain-snow transition.
• Droughts: definition, types and timing of droughts. Drought indices.
• Soil moisture: soil structure, soil classification, soil water relationships, factors affecting water movement into and through the soils.
• Floods: flood analysis, hydrograms, extreme river flow analysis, rainfall-runoff relationships (crosscorrelation). Assessment of flood vulnerability. Plotting flood sensitivity maps: implementation at basin level
Hydrometeorology, Environmental Hydrology, Hydrological Cycle, Precipitation, Precipitation, Snow, Drought, Soil Humidity, Soil Characteristics, Floods, Vulnerability