1. Gaining experience in the analysis and design of antennas, especially planar ones, using available antenna analysis software and by applying design principles.
2. Understanding the operation principles of planar and microstrip antennas, adaptive and smart arrays and MIMO antennas.
3. Ability to perform fabrication of planar antennas and their experimental characterization, including reflection coefficient, gain, directivity and efficiency.
Course Content (Syllabus)
- Computational antenna analysis methods: finite difference end finite element methods, integral equations methods, Green's functions, Pocklington equation, applications (broadband dipoles, Yagi-Uda antennas), linear antenna analysis with NEC software.
- Broadband and frequency-independent antennas: broadband antenna design methodologies, helical antenna, biconical and discone antenna, spiral and log- periodic antennas, ultrawideband antennas (UWB).
- Planar antennas and microstrip antennas: structure and operation of microstrip antennaa, transmission line and resonator models, directivity, gain and efficiency, radiation pattern, broadband microstrip antennas, small microstrip antennas, microstrip antenna feeds, arrays of microstrip antennas, printed antennas, computational analysis of planar antennas, Green's functions for multilayer media.
- Antenna arrays: radiation pattern, directivity, gain, efficiency, half power beam width. Non-uniform arrays, Dolph-Chebyshev and binomial arrays.
- Antennas of small electrical dimensions: fundamental limits of antennas, circuit and wave modeling, Chu limit, small antenna design techniques.
- Synthesis of arrays in wireless and mobile communications systems: nonuniform arrays, Dolph-Chebyshev and binomial arrays, analytical and computational techniques for the synthesis of adaptive arrays, direction of arrival estimation and beamforming, smart antennas.
- Multiple input - multiple output antennas (MIMO): channel capacity, MIMO antenna design, coupling reduction techniques.
- Antenna measurements: gain and radiation pattern, reflection coefficient and impedance, electric field and power density of electromagnetic radiation.