Course Information
SchoolEnglish Language and Literature
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter/Spring
Course ID600007062

Programme of Study: 2018-2019

Registered students: 24
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS
KORMOSElective CoursesWinter/Spring-6

Class Information
Academic Year2021 – 2022
Class PeriodWinter
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours3
Total Hours39
Class ID
Course Type 2016-2020
  • Scientific Area
Course Type 2011-2015
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
The course is also offered to exchange programme students.
Language of Instruction
  • English (Instruction, Examination)
Learning Outcomes
- To get acquainted with the basic concepts of Cognitive Linguistics - To know the conceptual (instead of the stylistic) side of the mechanisms of metaphor and metonymy - To acquire critical ability and to become aware of the frequency these mechanisms present in everyday speech - To motivate independent research on specific issues
General Competences
  • Apply knowledge in practice
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Adapt to new situations
  • Make decisions
  • Work autonomously
  • Work in teams
  • Work in an international context
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Generate new research ideas
  • Appreciate diversity and multiculturality
  • Demonstrate social, professional and ethical commitment and sensitivity to gender issues
  • Be critical and self-critical
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
Metaphor and metonymy play a central role in human thought, understanding and reasoning in the creation of our social, cultural, and psychological reality. The purpose of this course is to challenge the traditional view that metaphorical language and thought is arbitrary and unmotivated. It offers the view that both metaphorical language and thought arise from the basic bodily (sensorimotor) experience of human beings. This notion of embodiment clearly distinguishes the cognitive linguistic view from traditional ones. In particular, it is claimed that (i) metaphor as well as metonymy are properties of concepts, and not of words; (ii) the main function of metaphor is to understand one thing in terms of another, while the main function of metonymy seems to be to provide mental, cognitive access to a target entity that is less readily or easily available; (iii) while metaphor is based on similarity, metonymy is based on contiguity, that is on elements that are parts of the same domain; (iv) metaphor and metonymy are used effortlessly in everyday life by ordinary people, not just by specially talented people, and (v) metaphor and metonymy, far from being stylistic devices, are inevitable processes of human thought and reasoning.
metaphor, metonymy, embodied meaning, conceptualization, correlations in experience
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Slide presentations
  • Book
Course Organization
Reading Assigment602.4
Student Assessment
Final exam or assignment
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Extended Answer Questions (Formative, Summative)
Additional bibliography for study
Johnson, Mark 1987 The Body in the Mind: The Bodily Basis of Meaning, Imagination and Reason. Chicago and London: Univ. of Chicago Press. Lakoff, George & Mark Johnson 1980 Metaphors we live by. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press. Lakoff, George 1987 Women, fire, and dangerous things: What categories reveal about the mind. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press. Kövecses, Zoltan 2002 Metaphor. A Practical Introduction. Oxford UP. Taylor, John 1995 Linguistic Categorization. OUP. Ungerer, F. & H.-J. Schmid 1996 An Introduction to Cognitive Linguistics. Longman. London and New York.
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