Course Content (Syllabus)
The course offers a general introduction to the legal system of the European Union. It is divided in four units, which cover the following subjects:
Unit 1: The EU Legal System a) Historical Perspective b) Current formation of the Treaties, c) Institutions and decision – making, d) Acts of the Institutions and hierarchy of EU rules.
Unit 2: EU law and national law. The principles of Conferral, Direct Effect and Supremacy
Unit 3: The system of judicial protection. a) Enforcement actions against member states b) Preliminary reference and state liability, c) Review of legality of EU acts.
Unit 4: Substantive EU law. a) The internal market, especially free movement of goods, b) Protection of human rights in the EU legal order
Selected bibliography and ECJ judgments will be provided.