Neuromuscular Adaptations Movement Analysis

Course Information
TitleΝΕΥΡΟΜΥΙΚΕΣ ΠΡΟΣΑΡΜΟΓΕΣ-ΑΝΑΛΥΣΗ ΤΗΣ ΚΙΝΗΣΗΣ / Neuromuscular Adaptations Movement Analysis
FacultyPhysical Education and Sport Science
SchoolPhysical Education and Sport Science (Serres)
Cycle / Level1st / Undergraduate
Teaching PeriodWinter/Spring
Course ID260000574

Programme of Study: UPS of School of Physical Education and Sports Science in Serres (2014)

Registered students: 78
OrientationAttendance TypeSemesterYearECTS

Class Information
Academic Year2017 – 2018
Class PeriodWinter
Faculty Instructors
Weekly Hours4
Class ID
1. Τμήμα Β Τρι/Πεμ 17:00-18:30Lida Mademli, Dimitrios Patikas
2. Τμήμα Α Τρίτη 11:00-12:30/Πέμπτη 15:30-17:00Lida Mademli, Dimitrios Patikas
Course Type 2016-2020
  • Scientific Area
Course Type 2011-2015
Specific Foundation / Core
Mode of Delivery
  • Face to face
Digital Course Content
Required Courses
  • ΓΕ3200 Physiology
  • ΓΚ3300 Biomechanics
Learning Outcomes
This course fulfills two purposes: 1. to understand the basic functions of the neuromuscular system during human motion and 2. to explain how to analyze and evaluate performance during human movement. The main concepts that are covered are among others the anatomy and function of neurons, motor units, motor and sensory pathway, reflexes, motor cortex, as well as the short and long-term neuromuscular adaptations during different circumstances. Additionally, the course introduces the students to the fundamental concepts of human movement and analysis (kinematics and kinetics), and explains the interaction between the musculoskeletal and nervous system during motion. Better knowledge of this interaction may allow creating new methods to improve athletic performance, and the well-being of older people or people with acute or chronic movement deficits. The goal of this course is to understand the way the nervous system functions and how the movement is created and controlled. Furthermore, the student will comprehend the movement analysis per se. This understanding will facilitate critical thinking and will allow the student to identify the causes that induce neuromuscular adaptations in humans under several conditions. This gives the capacity to future graduates to be inspired and be able to attempt new interventions affecting the functions of the human body. The theoretical background is linked to practical applications presenting real-world examples from sports and human movement in general. Moreover, the evaluation methods of neuromuscular functions and movement analysis will be presented during theoretical as well as laboratory courses. Such methods are the electromyography, electrical stimulation, kinematic analysis, and kinematic analysis. Finally, the student will be able to participate in measurements hands-on, with the perspective to be influenced for future involvement in research. After a completing the course successfully, the student will be able to: • know the structure and function of the neuromuscular system, acknowledging its complexity. • identify the type of neuromuscular adaptations that take place after an intervention (e.g. training, fatigue, warm-up etc.). • recognize the special properties of the neuromuscular system at different ages (from developmental to older age). • understand the interaction between the musculoskeletal system and the central nervous system during the execution of a movement. • know the evaluation methods that are used for the evaluation of the neuromuscular system and the human motion. • plan the appropriate protocol and apply these methods, e.g. to acquire, analyze, and present electromyographic data. • read and comprehend laboratory measurements that are related to the function of the neuromuscular system and human motion. • evaluate the quality and effectiveness of human motion and to recognize possible deficits during the execution. • participate at undergraduate and post-graduate level in projects regarding neuromuscular adaptations. • present methods and research finding in short oral presentations
General Competences
  • Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Make decisions
  • Work autonomously
  • Work in teams
  • Work in an interdisciplinary team
  • Generate new research ideas
  • Be critical and self-critical
  • Advance free, creative and causative thinking
Course Content (Syllabus)
1. Introduction to neuromuscular adaptations 2. Nerve cell, nervous system, sensory organs, motor unit. 3. Muscle cell, neuromuscular junction, muscular system, muscular architecture 4. Force evaluation - isokinetics 5. Muscle activation, electromyography, co-contraction, electromyogram recording and analysis 6. Electrical stimulation (muscle, nerve, brain) 7. Reflexes, stretch reflex 8. Basic functions: walking, balance, stretch-shortening cycle, tendon vibration 9. Acute adaptations, warm-up, fatigue, post-activation potentiation 10. Chronic adaptations, training, injury, ageing 11. Comments on tests - QA 12. Presentations and discussion Ι 13. Presentations and discussion ΙΙ 14. Introduction to motion analysis 15. Kinematic analysis 16. Kinetic (dynamic) analysis 17. Protocols and parameters used in motion analysis 18. Laboratory lesson - motion analysis of everyday movements (i.e. gait analysis) or athletic movement (i.e. vertical jump) 19. Laboratory lesson - Ultrasonography (motion analysis of the muscle) 20. Interpretation and evaluation of laboratory measurements. Methods of analyzing and evaluating the quality of human movement 21. Interaction between mechanical (musculoskeletal) and nervous system during movement execution 22. Gait analysis I 23. Gait analysis II 24. Gait disorders 25. Presentations and discussion ΙII 26. Presentations and discussion IV
neuromuscular system, electromyography, electrical stimulation, fatigue, training
Educational Material Types
  • Notes
  • Slide presentations
  • Multimedia
  • Book
Use of Information and Communication Technologies
Use of ICT
  • Use of ICT in Course Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Laboratory Teaching
  • Use of ICT in Communication with Students
  • Use of ICT in Student Assessment
Presentation software via projector Software for analyzing the electromyographic signal Use of ICT during the educational process in the laboratory (Use of specialized software and instruments) E-learning Email
Course Organization
Laboratory Work220.8
Reading Assigment552.1
Interactive Teaching in Information Center150.6
Written assigments341.3
Student Assessment
I. Written exams (60%) including: - multiple choice questions, - short answer questions, - problem solving II. Preparation and presentation of group assignment (25%) III. 3 Quizzes throughout the semester (15%)
Student Assessment methods
  • Written Exam with Multiple Choice Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Exam with Short Answer Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Exam with Extended Answer Questions (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Assignment (Formative, Summative)
  • Written Exam with Problem Solving (Formative, Summative)
  • Report (Formative, Summative)
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
1. Enoka R.M. Αρχές εμβιομηχανικής και φυσιολογίας της κίνησης. 2007. Εκδόσεις Πασχαλίδης. 2. Brunnstrom's κλινική κινησιολογία, L. SMITH, E. W. LEHMKUHL 3. Μύες, νεύρα και κίνηση, Β. TYLDESLEY
Additional bibliography for study
Συναφή επιστημονικά περιοδικά: 1. Journal of Applied Physiology 2. European Journal of Applied Physiology 3. Journal of Neurophysiology 4. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 5. Journal of Biomechanics.
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