Students during or after the successful completion of the course will:
- be introduced to the study of physicochemical problems and the methodology of the Physical Chemistry
- be practiced towards the development of analytic thinking
- able to solve problems in and out of the classroom. Physical Chemistry is highly mathematical
- able to understand the physicochemical phenomena that take place in various chemical and physical processes
Course Content (Syllabus)
The rate of a chemical reaction. Experimental methods in kinetics. Order of a reaction. Molecularity of a reaction. Opposing, consecutive and parallel reactions. Reac¬tion mechanisms. The Rate-determining step. The kinetics of complex reactions. The temperature dependence of reaction rates. The Arrhenius equation. Rate con¬stants and equilibrium constants. Collision theory of reactions between gases. Re¬action rates, calculation of rate constants from collision theory. Activated complex theory. Catalysis.
Ionics. Liquid solutions. Ion solvation. The standard thermodynamic functions of ion formation in solu¬tions. The Arrhenius and Debye-Hückel theory. The ionic strength. Faraday’s laws and the electrochemical equivalent. Coulometers. Conductivity measure¬ments. Molar conductances. Transport numbers and mobilities. Electrodics. Defi¬nition of electrochemical potentials. Galvanic cells. Electromotive force (EMF) of a Cell. Free energy and reversible EMF. Entropy and enthalpy of cell reactions. Types of half-cells (Electrodes). Classification of cells. Standard electrode po¬tentials. Osmotic membrane equilibrium. Electrode kinetics. Polarization. Over¬potential. Applied electrochemistry. Some basic applications.
Optical, kinetic and electrical properties of colloidal systems. DLVO theory, stability of colloidal systems. Emulsions, microemulsions, foams, gels
Additional bibliography for study
Δ. Α. Γιαννακουδάκη, ΦΥΣΙΚΟΧΗΜΕΙΑ, –πρώτου κύκλου, Εκδόσεις ΖΗΤΗ, Θεσσαλονίκη, 1981-82
Ν. Κουλουμπή, ΗΛΕΚΤΡΟΧΗΜΕΙΑ, Εκδόσεις ΣΥΜΕΩΝ, Αθήνα, 2005
P. W. Atkins, ΦΥΣΙΚΟΧΗΜΕΙΑ, ΤΟΜΟΣ Ι+ΙΙΙ, ΠΑΝ. ΕΚΔΟΣΕΙΣ ΚΡΗΤΗΣ, Ηράκλειο, 1998
J. W. Moore, PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY, PRENTICE-HALL, Fifth Edition, London, 1972
P. W. Atkins, PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY, OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, Fourth Edition, Oxford, 1990