At the end of this course, students should be able to understand :
a. The principles of control of body functions by the nervous system and its contribution to homeostasis.
b. The principles of spinal and supraspinal control of posture and locomotor.
c. The concept of upper and lower motor neuron and its meaning in clinical neurology.
d. The function of special senses (vision,hearing and equilibrium, taste, smell).
e. The principles of skeletal muscle contraction and function. Function of cardiac muscle and smooth muscles.
f. Thermoregulation -adaptation to diverse climates
Course Content (Syllabus)
Nervous System, Muscle Physiology, Special Senses (25 hours)
Instructors:M.Tsantarliotou, S. Lavrentiadou, I. Flaskos
1st-4th hour: Functional principles of the nervous συστήματος(resting membrane potential, nerve impulse, neural communication, neurotransmitters, postsynaptic receptors, neuromuscular synapses, motor end plate). Summation. Neural regeneration.
5th hour: Spinal control of body posture and locomotion Spinal reflexes
6th -7th hour: Supra spinal control of body posture and locomotion (brainstem, cerebellum).
8th hour: The Electroencephalogram and Sensory-Evoked Potentials, Sleep and Waking
9th-10th hour: The Autonomic Nervous System
11th hour: Pain perception, referred pain, hyperalgesia, opioids
12th hour: Cerebrospinal fluid and the Blood Brain Barrier
13th -14th hour: Energy metabolism in nervous system
15th-16th hour: Molecular mechanism of muscle contraction
17th-19th hour: Skeletal muscles: muscle mechanics and performance, myogram, the “all-or-none” principle, motor unit, wave summation, tetanus, isotonic and isometric contractions “fast” and “slow” fibers, fatigue, muscle hypertrophy and atrophy, trophic effect of motor neurons on muscle cells
20th -22nd hour:Visual activity, receptors and neural function of the retina, physiology of hearing and equilibrium, sensory receptors of the inner ear and their function, taste and smell
23rd hour: Energy metabolism in the eye
24th- 25th hour: Thermoregulation
3 hours: Principles of physiograph operation and other laboratory equipment (Lab)
3 hours: Neurophysiology (Computer-Assisted)
3 hours: Frog nerve-muscle preparation, myograph(Lab)