Course Content (Syllabus)
HISTORIC BUILDING SYSTEMS, Laboratory specialization course - deepening (option), 8th semester, (6ECTS)
Instructors: Maria Dousi, Maria Arakadaki
Teaching assistance: Michael Nomikos Professor Emeritus AUTH, scientists from other scientific fields
One of the main and most interesting chapters of human civilization is the story of the construction activity. The aim of this course is to introduce students to the specific issues with historic building technology and pathology of the latest historic buildings from the 17th -the 20th century, and which are the most numerous historic residential stock in our country and the wider Balkan peninsula . These historic buildings are considered either alone as listed monuments of particular architectural interest either as integral parts of historic settlements, centers and sites.
The course aims at the following learning outcomes:
1.The deepening on the construction technology of historical building systems and materials, conservation and rehabilitation techniques and modern building technology interventions in historic buildings.
2. The understanding of the way in which structural systems of modern architectural heritage (17th -20th century) emerged and evolved historically, and how they were introduced to the Greek construction practice.
3. The acquaintance with the internationally valid scientific area of investigation related to the history of the of construction art.
4. The deepening of the multidimensional and multidisciplinary approach for the analysis, documentation and restoration of historical architectural reserve.
5 The acquisition of expertise on the construction technology, which is necessary for the design and implementation of contemporary architecture projects.
The course will examine three distinct sections of historic structures which emerged in different historical periods, grown in different socio-economic conditions, have distinct typological and morphological characteristics and are made with different building systems.
1 Historic traditional stone and timber framed structures (17th-19th c.).
This section includes the newest monuments of traditional architecture, part of the neoclassical buildings, and a part of the industrial heritage buildings, such as warehouses, we will consider the following parameters:
The social and historical context of the creation and evolution of the traditional structures of the 17th to 19th century. The typological and morphological characteristics of traditional construction. The ways of integration in space and place in units and the creation of traditional residential ensembles.
• The analysis of the structure and materials of their construction. Specifically it will be examined the following building categories: stone structures (foundations, walls, etc.), timber constructions (timber frame, roofs, floors, staircases, handrails, etc.), coatings, colors, flooring, doors and decoration.
•The examination of the main causes of the pathology of these structures.
• The examination of restoration methods and techniques.
2 Historic structures with bearing walls and interior iron frame. (19th - early 20th century.).
This section includes the eclectic, art-nouveau, industrial and public buildings of the period. These structures are constructed with bearing walls and interior metal frame (floor beams, columns, trusses).
In this unit, it will be examined the following parameters:
• The social and historical context of these constructions imported from Europe and their evolution of the 19th-20th century, the typological and morphological characteristics and the ways of their integration into the urban fabric,
• The analysis of the structure and the building materials. Specifically it will be examined in detail the following construction units: stone structures (foundations, walls, etc.), brickwork (bearing walls), iron framed structures (roofs, floors, columns, staircases, handrails, etc.), coatings, colors, flooring, windows, decoration.
• The examination of the main causes of the pathology of these structures.
• The examination of restoration methods and techniques.
3. Historic structures of reinforced concrete (early 20th century).
This section includes the eclectic, art-deco, as well as buildings of the modern movement, which are made of reinforced concrete frame.
In this unit, it will be examined the following parameters: the social and historical context of these constructions imported from Europe and their evolution during the first decades of the 20th century, their typological and morphological characteristics,
• The analysis of the structure and the building materials. Specifically it will be examined in detail the following construction units:: stone structures (external walls of foundations etc.), Brickwork (walls filling), construction of reinforced concrete (beams, columns, slabs, staircases), coatings, colors, flooring, windows, decoration.
Naturally these units have several variations and often coexist in some areas in the same historical period. There are also cases where building elements of two structural systems coexist in the same building. However, the classification of these historic structures in accordance with the above units help in understanding well as knowledge of their particular characteristics.
These units will be presented through a series of lectures which will be enriched with representative examples of historic structures. Also, the students will follow a work shop. The evaluation of students will occur the written examination and the evaluation of the workshop.
The emphasis on the knowledge and understanding of the special structural characteristics of modern monuments of our architectural heritage, is an essential condition for any study or research related to the restoration and reuse matters.
At the same time students are familiarized practicing:
• with issues related to the architectural technology,
• to recognize and interpret historical building systems
• to resolve the integration of new technology in the historical buildings,
• to understand the synergy of historical and contemporary elements that often lead to pioneering technological results.
This course is recommended to students who have chosen the course and 08EM14 Restoration and reuse historic buildings and sites. The synergy of the two courses will help to the better understanding of the specific issues relating to the assessment, evaluation and restoration of architectural heritage.