EXEGESIS OF NEW TESTAMENT EPISTLES:
By the successful completion of the course the students should be able
to analyze in a critical way and study in comparison with the contemporary literature an Epistle of the New Testament, based on the literary characteristics of the text
to follow the ways of approach and exegesis to the Epistles of St Paul and to point out the main features of the Pauline literature
to implement the practice of the exegesis and the interpretation of the New Testament text by using the patristic hermeneutics and the appropriate modern hermeneutical methods
to locate the points of correlation and exploitation of the textual message for the modern human being and to actualize the text
EXEGESIS OF THE SYNOPTIC GOSPELS:
By the end of this course students should be able:
to detect the various literary forms and traditions in the Gospels and to recognize the socio-historical circumstances that led to the formation and transmission of various traditions about Jesus to compare parallel passages to each other and the NT texts to the texts of the environment of the early Christianity to analyze selected passages in a critical way and with the help of the patristic exegetical tradition as well as of the contemporary exegetical methods following particular exegetical steps to compare and associate the theological message of these texts to modern issues (actualization)
Course Content (Syllabus)
The course of the New Testament exegesis informs about the object, the methodology and the purpose of the discipline of the Exegesis and it is divided into two parts: a) Exegesis of the Epistles of the New Testament, and b) Exegesis of the Synoptic Gospels.
EXEGESIS OF NEW TESTAMENT EPISTLES:
The first part focuses on the Epistle to the Galatians. The introductory data of the Epistle are presented, also the socio-historical data of the era, into which the situation of the addressees is fallen and which are relative to the subjects of the Epistle. An exegesis of the text is applied and, in parallel, an interpretation and a theological development of its meanings. The patristic hermeneutical method is used basically for the interpretation in combination with modern hermeneutical methods, as the case.
1. In general, for the discipline of the New Testament Exegesis. The Epistle as a literary genre. Introduction issues of the Epistle to the Galatians.
2. Letter opening, Gal. 1:1-5. The sender, the recipients, the salutation. The cause of writing the epistle, Gal. 1:6-11.
3. Narration of the events connected with the cause of the writing, Gal. 1:13-2:14. Autobiography, Apostolic Council, conflict with Peter at Antioch.
4. The points of agreement and disagreement with Paul’s opponents, Gal. 2:15-21. The apostle’s denial of the charge against him.
5. The apostle’s argumentation, Gal. 3:1-4:31. The evidence of the experience and the evidence of the Scripture. The allegory/typology of Sarrah and Agar.
6. Exhortation to the Galatians for accepting Christ’s grace which gives the freedom, Gal. 5:1-6:10.
7. Letter closing, Gal. 6:11-18. Recapitulation, anger against the opponents, self-description of the apostle as a representative of the crucified Christ, appeal to the Galatians for walking according Jesus Christ’s rule.
EXEGESIS OF THE SYNOPTIC GOSPELS
During the second part of the course the focus will be on the exegesis of passages from the Synoptic Gospels. Investigation / comparison of their particularities (language, style, tradition and theological focus) in the three Synoptics. Reference to the patristic exegetical tradition and to the contemporary exegetical methods.
There will be the following teaching units:
1. Introduction to the interpretation method of the Gospels
2. Diachronic and synchronic approaches to the text - Exegetical steps – the course of the interpretation of a gospel passage.
3. Gospel prologues: exegetical observations and theological conclusions
4. The parables of the Synoptics: main features and history of their interpretation.
5. Exegetical examples (1): the parable of the Sower, the parable of the weeds and the parable of the mustard seed
6. Exegetical examples (2): the parable of the two sons, and the parable of the prodigal son.
7. Exegetical examples (3): the parable of the 10 virgins, parable of the Last Judgement
8. The miracles in the synoptic tradition: main features and types. Motifs and themes. Comparison to the miracles in the Gospel of John
9. Exegetical examples (1): exorcisms
10. Exegetical examples (2): raisings and healings - particular features in Mark's Gospel
11. Exegetical examples (3): gift miracles and nature miracles
12. The Sermon on the Mount in Matthew's Gospel
13. The endings of the Synoptic Gospels – The Passion and Resurrection narratives.
New Testament Exegesis, Synoptic Gospels, Pauline Epistles, Graeco-Roman world.