Upon successful completion of the teaching of the 13 teaching units of the course:
- Attempts are being made to introduce students to issues related to Religion and Politics, with the main one being Dialogue but the clash of Cultures and Religions.
- To be able to analyze the two terms Religion and Politics, as well as their derivatives.
- To be able to elaborate the ways of application of the above two concepts in society over time, and to compare them with each other, ie to find out which converge and which differ.
Course Content (Syllabus)
In the context of the elective course, the necessity of institutional coexistence of the Church of the State is established, which departs from both the extremes of statehood and theocracy. In this way the different point of view of western theological and philosophical thought is pointed out, while at the same time the universal conception of Byzantine political theory is established,as well as orthodox "political theology" as opposed to corresponding western movements of revolutionary theology.
The 13 teaching units are structured as follows:
1. Introductory lesson.
2. Politics and power.
3. Institutions and power.
4. Religion, Politics and Culture.
5. Politics and Ethics.
6. Byzantine Political Theory.
7. Revolutionary Milleniarism and Utopianism in the Middle Ages and Early Modernity.
8. Luther and Calvin for the State and Power.
9. Religion and Political Theory in Th. Hobbes, J. Locke, J.J. Rousseau, G. Hegel, J. Fichte.
10. Religious Fundamentalism and Modernity.
11. The theory of the clash of Civilizations.
12. Political Theology.
13. Ecumenical Patriarchate. Ecumenical Movement and Politics.