Upon completion of the course students will have seen the problem of the multiple approaches to psychological theory and practice from a more systematic, historical and philosophical perspective. They will have a better understanding of how the various different attempts at theoretical synthesis in psychology originated in the history of the field as criticism of previous dominant schools of thought leads to new schools. As a result, they will be better equipped to understand with a critical and informed eye the books and articles assigned in other courses since they will be aware of the theoretical commitments and limitations of the different approaches to the subject matter of psychology.
Course Content (Syllabus)
The problem of psychophysical interaction and the scientific revolution. Cartesian dualism, parallelism, epiphenomenalism, reductive and eliminative materialism, phenomenology, early research into the nervous system, phrenology, psychophysics, voluntarism, structuralism, the influence of Darwin’s theory, the functionalism of James, the psychodynamic theory of Freud, Gestalt theory, classical behaviorism, operant behaviorism, logical behaviorism, Chomsky’s critique, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, critique of the classical computationalist approach, connectionism
Cartesian dualism, parallelism, epiphenomenalism, phenomenology, phrenology, psychophysics, voluntarism, structuralism