- the biological basis of human language vs. other animal communication systems
- relations of language to cognition;
- language acquisition
- the relation of language and the brain; language disorders
- language change and language variation (e.g., dialect variation); pidgin and creoles
- the relationship between language and society
- acquaintance with the rules that refer to the sound system (phonology), the structure of words (morphology), the combination of words into sentences (syntax), the ways in which sounds and meanings are related (semantics), and the lexicon (mental lexicon)
At the end of this course students should be familiar with:
- the subfields of linguistics and their division of labor
- various scientific theories/approaches about language and their answers to seminal questions about its evolution and structure
- the discovery that languages are more alike than different from each other
The IT seminar aims at acquainting the students with the use of IT technologies and other facilities offered by AUTh during their studies.
Course Content (Syllabus)
The evolution of the human language is the main topic of this course. The focus is both on phylogeny and biological evolution as well as on the ontogenetic development of language. The basic questions addressed are the following: Is language located in the brain or is it learned by imitation? What cognitive, perceptual and motor capacities must individuals have to speak, hear, and understand a language? Is it an instrument of though or of communication? What distinguishes language from nonhuman communication systems? Is there a grammar gene? How does language work? How do children learn it? What do individuals know when they know a language? How does language evolve and how does the brain compute it? Can language be acquired by primates other than men? Is there a ‘critical period’ for language acquisition? And so on.
language universals, language and thought/ideology, language acquisition, language evolution/phylogeny
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
Fromkin, V., R. Rodman, & N. Hyams. (2008). Εισαγωγή στη μελέτη της γλώσσας. (Μτφρ. Γ. Ξυδόπουλος, Φ. Παπαδοπούλου, Ε. Βάζου και Α. Τσαγγαλίδης). Αθήνα: Εκδόσεις Πατάκη.
Lyons, J. 2001. ΕΙσαγωγή στη γλωσσολογία. (Μτφρ. Μ. Αραποπούλου, Α. Αρχάκης, Μ. Βραχιονίδoυ, Α. Καρά, Επ. επιμ. Γ. Καρανάσιος). Αθήνα: Πατάκης