Through this course, students will:
- be introduced to the philosophy of Aristotle;
- become acquainted with Aristotle's metaphysics;
- understand the difference between (modern) ontology and ancient metaphysics.
Course Content (Syllabus)
Aristotle's Metaphysics has determined the course of the history of Western philosophy as few philosophical treatises have done. In this treatise of theoretical philosophy, Aristotle explores the first principles of everything, that is, the causes of the most universal effect; these are the self-existent eternal and immutable substances, which theology or "first philosophy" purports to know. It is in this treatise too, and more specifically in book Gamma, that Aristotle announces the existence of a science that studies being qua being, i.e. the undetermined being, in contrast with the determined being that is the object of other theoretical sciences such as the "second philosophy" (physics) and mathematics. In this course, we will read through the whole book in order to understand what exactly the science of being qua being is and how it connects to the science of the first principles.
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
1) Αριστοτέλης: Άπαντα (Δέκατος τόμος). Μετά τα φυσικά 1 (Βιβλία Α´-Δ΄), μετάφραση: Αναστασία Καραστάθη, Αθήνα: Κάκτος, 1993.
2) Κ. Δ. Γεωργούλης, Αριστοτέλους Πρώτη φιλοσοφία (Τα Μετά τα φυσικά), Αθήνα: Παπαδήμας, 2005 (πρώτη έκδοση: Θεσσαλονίκη 1935).